Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon was an English statesman and philosopher who served as Lord Chancellor and as Attorney General of England. Some of his works are credited with developing the scientific method and stayed influential through the scientific revolution.


First Years

Birth Born on 22 January 1561, Francis Bacon lived at York House near the Strand in London . His father was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Lord Keeper of the Great Seal). Francis's mother was Anne Bacon, the daughter of the noted Renaissance humanist Anthony Cooke. His mother's sister was married to William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, making him Bacon's uncle. Education Biographers believe that Francis was educated at home in his early years because of poor health, which plagued him throughout his life. Bacon received tuition from John Walsall, who was a graduate of Oxford with a leaning toward Puritanism. In 1573 at the age of 12, he attended Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, where he lived for three years, together with his older brother Anthony Bacon under the personal tutelage of Dr. John Whitgift, who became Archbishop of Canterbury in the future. Bacon's education was mostly held in Latin and followed the medieval curriculum. A philosopher was also educated at the University of Poitiers. At Cambridge, he met Queen Elizabeth, who was impressed by Francis's bright intellect, and called him "The young lord keeper." Studies His studies brought him to the conclusion that the methods and results of science as then practiced were inaccurate and utterly wrong. However, his admiration for Aristotle conflicted with his rejection of Aristotelian philosophy, as he considered it barren, disputatious, and wrong in its objectives. In 1576, he and his brother entered de "societate magistrorum&q

Middle years

Motives Francis stated three goals for himself, and those were: to uncover the truth, to serve his country, and to serve his church. Therefore he started seeking a prestigious post. In 1580, with the help of his uncle, Lord Burghley, he applied for a post at court that would have provided an opportunity for him to pursue a life of learning, but his application failed. For two years, Francis worked at Gray's Inn, until he was admitted as an outer barrister in 1582. Parliamentarian His parliamentary career started when he was elected in a by-election in 1581. In three years, he managed to take his seat in Parliament for Melcombe in Dorset, and in 1586 for Taunton. At this time, he started writing on the condition of parties in the church, as well as on the subject of philosophical reform in the lost tract Temporis Partus Maximus. Yet, he failed to gain a position that he believed would lead him to success. Later, Francis expressed signs of interest in Puritanism. He even attended the sermons of the Puritan chaplain and accompanied his mother to the Temple Church to listen to Walter Travers (English puritanical theologian). This interest led to the publication of his earliest surviving tract, in which he criticized the English church's suppression of the Puritan clergy. In the Parliament of 1586, he openly urged execution for the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots. Besides: About this time, the philosopher again approached his powerful uncle for help; his quick progress at the Bar followed this move. In 1586 Francis became

Personal life

Religion Francis represented a devout Anglican. He thought that philosophy and the natural world should be investigated inductively, but argued that humans could only examine arguments for the existence of God. Information on his attributes can only come from special revelation. But Francis also held that knowledge was cumulative. That study encompassed more than a simple preservation of the past. Bacon's idea of idols of the mind may have represented an attempt to Christianize science while also developing a new, reliable scientific method. Bacon gave worship of Neptune, hinting at the religious dimensions of his critique of the idols. Marriage At the age of 45, Bacon married 14-year-old Alice Barnham, who was a daughter of a well-connected London alderman and member of Parliament. Francis wrote two sonnets, where he proclaimed his love for Alice. The first was written during his courtship and the second on their wedding day. When Bacon was appointed lord chancellor, Lady Bacon was given precedence over all other Court ladies. Sexuality Several authors believe that, despite the marriage, Francis was primarily attracted to men.Forker, who explored this aspect with some historical documentary of both Francis Bacon and King James, I concluded that they were both orientated to "masculine love," a term that seemingly was used only to refer to the sexual preference of men for representatives of their gender. This assumption has been disputed by others, who explained by lack of consistent evidence and considered


Influence Bacon's late writings served as the foundation for a new scientific culture, the way he had hoped. Any significant step in humanity's progress has to be imagined in an almost mystical vision of what could be before people realize it. In Novum Organum, Francis outlined the new scientific method; in New Atlantis, he described a scientific culture in a very idealized, perfect fashion. The vision, however, had to wait for forty years until a group of philosophers, scientists, and philanthropists inspired by his ideas, founded the Royal Society in 1667. In the last five years of his life, Francis had written almost solely in Latin, and even translated certain English writings into what was then considered the Universal Language. As a result, he was widely known and admired on the continent; thus were the seeds sown for a pan-European scientific movement. In the Enlightenment era, Francis became a symbol for reason and science: being reduced to a symbol; his actual philosophy was frequently misunderstood and unread. His classical learning and poetic use of language were neglected, as well as the comprehensive scheme of his Great Instauration. In the 19th century Romantic reaction against Enlightenment-era rationalism, Francis was re-evaluated as a symbol like a mere precursor of scientific reasoning. In line with this, prejudice was seen as greedy and unpoetic. Organization of knowledge Francis Bacon was the one who developed the idea that a classification of knowledge must be universal while handling all poss

More about Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon was an English statesman and philosopher who served as Lord Chancellor and as Attorney General of England. Some of his works are credited with developing the scientific method and stayed influential through the scientific revolution.

Francis has been called the father of empiricism.In his works, he argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge that was based solely upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature. What's more important, the philosopher argued science could be achieved by the use of a systematic and skeptical approach whereby scientists aim to avoid misleading themselves. Even though his ideas about such a method did not have a long-lasting influence, the overall idea of the importance of a skeptical methodology made him the father of the scientific method. This method represented a new rhetorical and theoretical framework for science. The practical details of the Baconian Method are still central in debates about methodology and science.

Francis Bacon’s scientific method

As a patron of libraries, Francis developed a functional method for the cataloging books by separating them into three different categories — poetry, history, and philosophy — which could further be divided into more precise subheadings. Francis was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he followed the medieval curriculum, mostly in Latin. In 1597 Francis managed to become the first receiver of the Queen's counsel designation when Elizabeth I reserved him as her advisor. In 1603, Bacon was knighted and later created Baron Verulam in 1618 and Viscount St. Alban in 1621.Since he had no heirs, both titles became extinct after his death in 1626, at 65 years.