First Years


Born on 22 January 1561, Francis Bacon lived at York Housenear the Strandin London. His father was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Lord Keeper of the Great Seal). Francis's mother was Anne Bacon, the daughter of the noted Renaissance humanist Anthony Cooke. His mother's sister was married to William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, making him Bacon's uncle.


Biographers believe that Francis was educated at home in his early years because of poor health, which plagued him throughout his life. Bacon received tuition from John Walsall, who was a graduate of Oxford with a leaning toward Puritanism. In 1573 at the age of 12, he attended Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, where he lived for three years, together with his older brother Anthony Bacon under the personal tutelage of Dr. John Whitgift, who became Archbishop of Canterbury in the future. Bacon's education was mostly held in Latin and followed the medieval curriculum. A philosopher was also educated at the University of Poitiers. At Cambridge, he met Queen Elizabeth, who was impressed by Francis's bright intellect, and called him "The young lord keeper."



Middle years

Motives Francis stated three goals for himself, and those were: to uncover the truth, to serve his country, and to serve his church. Therefore he started seeking a prestigious post. In 1580, with the help of his uncle, Lord Burghley, he applied for a post at court that would have provided an opportunity for him to pursue a life of learning, but his application failed. For two years, Francis worked at Gray's Inn, until he was admitted as an outer barrister in 1582. Parliamentarian His parliamentary career started when he was elected in a by-election in 1581. In three years, he managed to take his seat in Parliament for Melcombe in Dorset, and in 1586 for Taunton. At this time, he started writing on the condition of parties in the church, as well as on the subject of philosophical reform in the lost tract Temporis Partus Maximus. Yet, he failed to gain a position that he believed would lead him to success. Later, Francis expressed signs of interest in Puritanism. He even attended the sermons of the Puritan chaplain and accompanied his mother to the Temple Church to listen to Walter Travers (English puritanical theologian). This interest led to the publication of his earliest surviving tract, in which he criticized the English church's suppression of the Puritan clergy. In the Parliament of 1586, he openly urged execution for the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots. Besides: About this time, the philosopher again approached his powerful uncle for help; his quick progress at the Bar followed this move. In 1586 Francis became